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Root Canal Treatment Procedure

Root canal treatment, also known as endodontic therapy, is primarily designed to treat infections or diseases of the dental pulp. The dental pulp is the innermost part of the tooth, containing blood vessels, nerves, and connective tissue.

Diseases/Conditions Treated by Root Canal Treatment:

What Happens During a Root Canal Treatment?

Diagnosis and X-Ray

Before the procedure, the dentist will take an X-ray to assess the shape of the root canals and detect any signs of infection in the surrounding bone.

Doctor explaining Dental X-Ray


Local anesthesia is administered to numb the tooth and the surrounding area.


Tooth Isolation

A rubber dam is placed around the tooth to keep it dry and free from saliva.

Tooth Isolation

Access Opening

The dentist drills an opening through the crown of the tooth into the pulp chamber.

Access the Tooth Opening

Cleaning the Root Canal

The diseased or damaged pulp is removed, and the inside of the tooth is cleaned and disinfected. This involves enlarging and shaping the canal to ensure all infected material is removed.

Example of Cleaning Root Canal

Filling the Root Canal

After cleaning and shaping, the root canal is filled to seal the space. Typically, a rubber-like material called gutta-percha is used.

Illustration of Filling the Root Canal


After the root canal is filled, the access hole needs to be sealed. In many cases, a tooth that needs a root canal will also need a crown (cap) to restore its strength and functionality.

Tooth Restoration


Sometimes, the treated tooth might need further restoration work, such as a post and a crown, especially if it’s a back tooth that bears the brunt of chewing.

Dentist Follow-Up for Root Canal

A successful root canal can save a tooth that might otherwise need extraction. The procedure has a high success rate, and many teeth fixed with a root canal can last a lifetime. However, like all medical procedures, there can be complications, so it’s important to follow post-procedure care instructions and attend any recommended follow-up appointments.

When the nerve of a tooth becomes inflamed or infected, patients can sometimes experience severe pain or swelling, and root canal treatment or tooth extraction is often required to stop the pain and resolve the infection. At Gables iSmile, we provide a team of specialists to treat root canal procedures in Florida. This service is available both to patients registered with the practice and to new patients.

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